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The affordability ratio in Bengaluru improved from 57% in 2012 to 26% in 2021

Affordability at historic best across cities in 2021

Ahmedabad and Pune most affordable Indian housing markets of 2021

Affordability ratio in NCR improved from 38% in 2020 to 28% in 2021

Mumbai emerges as biggest gainer on affordability since 2010

Bengaluru, NFAPost: In its annual proprietary study, the Affordability Index 2021, Knight Frank notes that Indian markets are at their decadal best in terms of housing affordability.

All markets, except Mumbai, are recorded to be well below the threshold of affordability set at 50% ratio. Ahmedabad emerged as the most affordable housing market in the country with an affordability ratio of 20% followed by Pune and Chennai at 24% and 25% respectively in 2021.

Mumbai was the only one that recorded a higher than threshold affordability ratio at 53%, however, it has improved the most since 2011.

Knight Frank’s proprietary Affordability Index, which tracks the EMI (Equated Monthly Installment) to total income ratio for an average household, has shown a meaningful improvement in affordability since 2010.

Despite the pandemic period since early 2020, which has created disruptions in household incomes, housing affordability has further improved. The decline in house prices and multi-decade low home loan interest rates have helped improve housing affordability in 2021.

The Knight Frank Affordability Index captures movement in key constituents like property prices, home loan interest rate and average household income to determine the buyers’ ability to purchase a house.

Since banks underwrite home loans when the EMI to Income is under 50%, on that account, existing income and average ticket-size metrics across seven out of eight markets make it possible for a homebuyer to easily finance their home purchase.


Knight Frank India Chairman and Managing Director Shishir Baijal said over the last decade housing market have undergone a structural transformation on both demands as well as supply side.

“This has made the environment for home buying relatively attractive and safe. However, the key catalyst remained the – affordability, which has witnessed gradual improvement since 2015. For the most part of the last 5-6 years residential prices corrected leading to better affordability, however, the recent reduction in home loan interest rate to below 6.5% has been a deciding factor in the significant improvement in home affordability in the last 24 months,” said Knight Frank India Chairman and Managing Director Shishir Baijal.

Knight Frank India Chairman and Managing Director Shishir Baijal said no doubt it has taken a pandemic for the market to turn the corner and lift homebuyer sentiment, which is now evident across the country.

“This is, therefore, a great time for potential buyers to purchase a home given that all factors, in terms of the regulatory environment, the pricing, as well as home loan rates, are conducive. We believe a combination of best affordability levels and a pick-up in the economy will serve as key catalysts for the country’s housing market next year,” said Shishir Baijal.

·Note: The Knight Frank Affordability Index indicates the proportion of income that a household requires, to fund the monthly installment (EMI) of a housing unit in a particular city.

So, a Knight Frank Affordability index level of 40% for a city implies that on average, households in that city need to spend 40% of their income to fund the EMI of housing loan for that unit. An EMI/ Income ratio over 50% is considered unaffordable as it is the limit beyond which banks rarely underwrite a mortgage.

Assumptions

o EMI, housing unit size and price/ sq ft represent city-level averages.

o EMI:

§ Loan Tenure – 20 years

§ Loan to Value – 80%

§ Home loan interest rate – Average home loan rates

o Area of housing unit: House size is fixed for each city across the years, but varies within different cities taking into account the average size preference for each city.

o Housing Price: Median housing price for that city

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